Children’s vulnerability to burns
Physicians possess unpleasant statistics: more than 30% of those who get thermal burns are children. Moreover, half of them are under age 4. Children are especially prone to burns, and the smaller the child is the more vulnerable he or she is to thermal injuries. At a small age, the immunity system of the body is just in the course of formation. And since the mechanism of antimicrobial protection is not fully formed yet, an infection can easily penetrate the body through the burned and damaged skin. In some cases, it may result in Sepsis. That’s why even superficial thermal injuries represent some danger to small children, and shouldn’t be looked upon as negligible ones. And deep burns are so perilous that often lead to disability. On the skin areas with deep burns, especially on hands, feet and joints' areas, rough scars may be formed. As a result, it can restrict movement and violate the blood circulation, thereby preventing the normal development of the child. Sometimes, a series of multiple surgeries is needed to eliminate these grave consequences.
Young children often burn themselves by hot liquids: water, milk, tea, soup, etc. Children over 3-4 years old are getting more active and inquisitive with every passing day, so they quickly add hot iron, stove, pots with cooking food, open flame to their risk factors. Children cannot estimate the threat on their own, and the result of their curiosity can be deplorable.
A larger number of cases of children's burns falls on weekends, when habitually both parents are at home. So, apparently moms and dads should look harder after their little fidgets. Carelessness can cost much, and that's parents' job to prevent a nasty accident from happening.
If the misfortune nevertheless happened and the child got burned, don’t try to deal with it on your own with the help of various ointments for burns/burn creams. Of course it might be useful as first aid, but to be on the safe side, you definitely should go to the doctor as soon as possible. After all, even a small area of the burn may cause a shock which is deadly dangerous.
There are several simple and useful hygienic manipulations that can be done as first aid before going to the doctor. Immerse the burned area into cool water just for a minute or so, then dry it delicately with a clean soft towel and apply a sterile dressing on the injured skin.